Many individuals often think of police work as reactionary. An alleged crime occurs and police are called to investigate. However, with technology, many police departments are looking to proactive policing or predictive policing as a new tool for their police work. In proactive or predictive policing, officers use data and sometimes algorithms to analyze patterns of human behavior. Law enforcement look at policies or strategies to prevent crimes or reduce the harm associated with crimes.
According to the National Institute of Justice, predictive policing attempts to harness the power of information, advanced technologies, and evidence-based intervention models to try to reduce crime and improve public safety. A two-pronged approach of applying advanced analytics to various data in combination with intervention models could potentially move law enforcement from reacting to crimes into the realm of predicting what and where something is likely to happen and deploying resources accordingly. https://www.nij.gov/…/predictive-policing/Pages/welcome.aspx
While no doubt a useful and innovative tool for law enforcement, predictive policing can potentially have serious implications on the constitutional rights of the individuals being policed. What data are police using and where did they obtain that information? Was that information obtained through consent or through a warrant? How are they using that information and how are they storing it? As the use of the predictive policing tool develops and increases in use, there is little doubt that the technique will face constitutional and evidentiary challenges along the way.
With a team of former deputy prosecutors now representing individuals accused of various crimes from misdemeanors to felonies, Keffer Hirschauer LLP stands ready to provide its clients with trusted representation and accurate information regarding the law, and its application to their individualized case. Act now and call us today at (317) 857-0160 or 1-800-NOT-GUILTY.